Notes and Comments Vol. 6.
J. N. Darby.
His mother and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleopas,
and Mary Magdalene; John 19:25.
Mary Magdalene, and Mary mother of James and Joses; Matthew 27:56.
Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary; Matthew 27:61, and chapter 28:1.
Mary Magdalene, and Mary (mother) of Joses; Mark 15:47.
Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James; Mark 16:1.
Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less, and Joses; Mark 15:40.
Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary (mother) of James; Luke 24:10.
Jude brother of James; Jude 1.
James son of Alpheus; Matthew 10:3.
Judas (brother) of James; Luke 6:16.
James son of Alpheus; Mark 3:18, Luke 6:15.
James, and Joses, and Judas, and Simon, Christ's brethren,
and His (Christ's) sisters; Mark 6:3.
James the Lord's brother; Gal. 1:19.
On comparing these statements, there cannot, I think, be any doubt that Mary the mother of Jude, James and Joses, and "The other Mary," constantly associated with Mary Magdalene, are the same, nor that Mary the wife of Cleopas is also. Jude is brother of James, and James is son of Alpheus, alleged to be the same as Cleopas, and James Jude) and Joses sons of Mary, I suppose wife of Cleopas. Thus the identity and connection of persons is evident. Mary called "The other Mary," the constant companion of Mary Magdalene, was wife of Cleopas and mother of James, Jude, Joses, and Simon, and these were immediate relations of Christ; whether by Cleopas or Mary does not appear. This does not affect the question as to Mary's having a family after the birth of Christ, nor her living with Joseph, of which I think Scripture leaves no doubt. But further, this would determine that James the Lord's brother is the apostle James the less, because James the Lord's brother is brother of Jude; Mark 6:3. And James the apostle is Jude's brother; Luke 6:16; and son of Alpheus. And, I think, from the place James holds in the Acts, and in the Galatians, it is the same James, and not another. For in Galatians it is "James the Lord's brother," and "Certain came from James"; and in Acts "Tell it to James," and James presides, in a sense, in Acts 15. The absence of all addition in the case of James is the natural proof of his being the well-known James.
376 It would have been quite incongruous to introduce the Lord's Name in an epistle, whereas "Jude (the brother) of James" was the distinctive name he had acquired in contrast with Iscariot; Luke 6:16.