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Chapters 1 and 2
Chapters 4 and 5
Chapters 11 and 12
Chapters 14 to 16
Chapters 17 and 18
Outward peace and mutual alliances, marked by unfaithfulness and forgetfulness of God
The last chapter presents another element of this history, namely, the guilty alliances which were formed between the royal families of Israel and Judah. Both of them prosperous at this period, they seek the establishment and increase of their power by peace and mutual alliances. On Jehoshaphat's side it was nothing but unfaithfulness and forgetfulness of God. And, if God did not forsake him, Jehoshaphat saw the commencement of chastisements, the results of which were deeply disastrous to his house.
The false prophets and the prophet of Jehovah
We see also the false prophets in power: Ahab had four hundred
of them. We may remark also, that they made use of Jehovah's name,
and no longer, as it appears, of Baal's.* Nor was Elijah, as we
see, the only prophet of Jehovah. The intermixture
continues. Outwardly the state of things is less offensive; but
the heart of Ahab is unchanged. At the request of Jehoshaphat,
who is uneasy in this false position, Ahab sends for the prophet
of Jehovah; but he does not hearken to him and has to meet the
We learn also here in what manner a lying spirit deceives and leads the wicked to ruin, fulfilling the purposes and judgments of Jehovah.
Elisha and Elijah
During all this time Elisha constantly accompanies Elijah and, led to this intimacy by grace, he is morally imbued with his spirit before he is clothed with it in power. He seems identified with him.
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