Translation of Psalms 1 - 41.

G. V. Wigram.

from 'Memorials' Vol. 2, Part Second, CRITICAL.


N.B. p goes before a perfect tense, and f before a future or present, of an indicative mood; b before an infinitive; c before an imperative; d before participles; v before Vav, etc., however else translated.


1 Blessed is The man that p has not walked in the counsel of the ungodly, v and in the way of sinners p has not stood, v and in the seat of d the scornful p has not sat.

2 But in the law of Jehovah his delight; v and in his law f he meditates day v and night.

3 v And * p he was to be like a tree d planted by the rivers of waters, that f brings forth his fruit in his season; v and his leaf f does not wither; v and all that f he does f shall prosper.

4 Not so The ungodly; but like the chaff that the wind f drives away.

5 Therefore the ungodly f shall not stand† in the judgment, v or sinners in the congregation of the righteous.

6 For Jehovah is d knowing the way of the righteous; v but the way of the ungodly f shall perish.

* See Rom. 4:17. Such was the counsel of God.

†John 5:29. Query.


1 Why p have raged the Nations, v and why do the side-nations * f imagine a vain thing?

2 Kings of the earth f do set themselves, v and d rulers p have taken counsel together, against Jehovah, and against his Anointed, saying,

3 f We will break asunder their bands, v and f cast away their cords from us.

4 d He sitting in the heavens f shall laugh; Adonay f shall have them in derision.

5 Then f shall he speak to them in his wrath, v and in his sore displeasure f vex them;

6 v Yet I p have set my King upon Zion, hill of my holiness.

7 f I will declare the decree: Jehovah p has said to me, my Son art thou; t This day p have I begotten thee.

8 c Ask of me, v and f I will give thee the Nations for thine inheritance, v and for thy possession the ends of earth.

9 f Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; like a vessel of d a moulder f thou shalt dash them in pieces:

10 v And now ye kings c be wise; c be instructed ye d judges of earth.

11 c Serve Jehovah with fear, v and c rejoice with trembling.

12 c Kiss the Son, lest f he shall be angry, v and f ye perish from the way; for f does his wrath burn even as a little. Blessed are all d trusting in him.

* 'Leummim,' side-nations.


1 A psalm of David. b In his fleeing from the face of Absalom his son.

2 Jehovah, how p have increased my troublers! many d those rising up against me;

3 Many d those saying of my soul, No help for him in Elohim. Pause.

4 v But thou, Jehovah, art a shield round about me; my glory, v and d the one lifting up my head.

5 With my voice to Jehovah f I cry; v and f he hears me from the hill of his holiness. Pause.

6 I p laid me down v and f I sleep; p I awoke; for Jehovah f sustains me.

7 Not f will I fear ten thousands of the People, that around p have set themselves against me.

8 c Arise, Jehovah; c save me, my Elohim; for p thou hast smitten all d my enemies on the cheekbone; the teeth of the ungodly p hast thou broken.

9 Of [or to] Jehovah is The salvation; on thy People is thy blessing. Pause.


1 For d the chief musician* on stringed instruments. A Psalm of David.

2 b In My calling, c hear me, Elohim of my righteousness; p thou hast made enlargement for me in the distress; c have mercy on me, v and c hear my prayer.

3 Ye sons of men, how long is my glory for a shame? f ye love vanity, f ye seek after lying. Pause.

4 v But c know that Jehovah p has set apart the godly for himself; Jehovah f hears b in my calling on him.

5 c Stand in awe, v and f ye shall not sin; c commune with your own heart on your bed, v and c be still. Pause.

6 c Sacrifice the sacrifices of righteousness, v and c trust in Jehovah.

7 Many d are saying, Who f will show us good? c Lift thou up the light of thy countenance on us, Jehovah.

8 p Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time their corn and their wine p increased.

9 In peace f will I both lay me down v and f sleep; for thou, Jehovah, alone, f makest me to dwell in safety.

*Chief musician; lit. d the one that has excelled.


1 For d the chief Musician on The flutes. A psalm of David.

2 My words c give ear to, Jehovah, c consider my meditation;

3 c Hearken to the voice of my cry, my King v and my Elohim; for to thee f I pray.

4 Jehovah, in the morning f thou wilt hear my voice; in the morning f will I direct my prayer to thee, v and f will look up:

5 For thou art not an El desirous of wickedness; not f shall dwell with thee evil;

6 Not f shall stand d the foolish before thine eyes; f thou hast hated all d workers of iniquity.

7 f Thou wilt destroy d those speaking lies; Jehovah f abhors the man of blood v and deceit.

8 v But I, — in the multitude of thy mercy, f I will come to thy house; f I will worship toward the temple of thy holiness in thy fear.

9 Jehovah, c lead me in thy righteousness because of d my enemies; c make straight before my face thy way.

10 For there is nothing in their mouth* d upright; their inward part is wickedness: a sepulchre open their throat; with their tongue f they flatter.

11 c Destroy thou them, Elohim; f they shall fall by their own counsels; in the multitude of their transgressions c cast them out; for p they have rebelled against thee.

12 v But f shall rejoice all d those trusting in thee; for ever f shall they shout for joy; v and f thou defendest them; v and f shall be joyful in thee d the lovers of thy name.

13 For thou f wilt bless, Jehovah, the righteous; as a shield f wilt thou with favour compass him.

*Lit. 'his mouth'; i.e. the mouth of every one of them. — ED.


1 For d the chief Musician on stringed instruments. On The 8th. A Psalm of David.

2 Jehovah, not in thine anger f wilt thou rebuke me; v and not in thy hot-displeasure f wilt thou chasten me.

3 c Have mercy on me, Jehovah, for d weak am I; c heal me, Jehovah, for my bones p have been vexed.

4 v And my soul p has been sore vexed; v but thou, Jehovah, how long!

5 c Return, Jehovah, c deliver my soul; c save me for the sake of thy mercy.

6 For remembrance of thee, in death, there is none; in the grave* who f will give thee thanks?

7 p I have been wearied with my groaning; f I make to swim my bed through all the night; with my tears my couch f I water.

8 Mine eye p has been consumed by grief; p it has waxed old because of all d my enemies.

9 c Depart from me, all d ye working iniquity; for Jehovah p has heard the voice of my weeping.

10 Jehovah p has heard my supplication; Jehovah f receives my prayer.

11 All d my enemies f shall be ashamed v and f shall be sore vexed; f they shall return; f they shall be suddenly ashamed.

*It is 'Sheol,' the grave; not Gehenna, hell.


1 A wandering-ode. Of David. Which p he sang to Jehovah, on the words of Cush the Benjamite.

2 Jehovah my Elohim, in thee p have I trusted; c save me from all d persecuting me, v and c deliver me;

3 Lest f he shall tear like a lion my soul, d rending in pieces, v and none d delivering.

4 Jehovah my Elohim, if p I have done this; if the existence of iniquity is in my hands;

5 If p I have rewarded evil to d the one peaceful to me; v yea, f I deliver d him being mine enemy causelessly:

6 d The enemy f shall persecute my soul, v and f take it; v yea, f tread down my life to the earth, v and f cause my honour to dwell in the dust. Pause.

7 c Arise, Jehovah, in thine anger, c lift up thyself because of the rage d of my enemies; v and c awake for me the judgment p thou hast commanded.

8 v So the congregation of side-nations f shall compass thee about; v and for its sake c return thou on high.

9 Jehovah f shall judge the Peoples; c judge me, Jehovah, according to my righteousness, v and according to my integrity upon me.

10 Assuredly, now, the wickedness of the wicked f shall come to an end; v but f thou wilt establish the righteous; v and d trier of hearts v and reins is righteous Elohim.

11 My shield is of Elohim, d saving the upright of heart,

12 Elohim isd judge of [or for] the righteous, v and El is d angry every day.

13 If f one turns not, his sword f will he whet; his bow p he has bent, v and f makes it ready;

14 v and for him p he has prepared instruments of death; he f works his arrows against d the persecutors.

15 Behold, f he travails with iniquity, v and p has conceived mischief, v and p has brought forth falsehood.

16 A pit p he made; v and f he digs it, v and f falls into the ditch f he makes.

17 His mischief f shall return on his own head, v and on his own pate his violence f shall come down.

18 f l will praise Jehovah according to his righteousness; v and f I will sing the name of Jehovah Most High, as praise.


1 For d the chief-Musician on The wine Vat. A Psalm of David.

2 Jehovah our Lord [Adonim], how excellent thy name in all The earth! as to which c set* thou thy glory above The heavens.

3 Out of the mouth of babes v and d sucklings p hast thou ordained strength, because of d thy enemies b to still the d enemy v and d avenger.

4 When f I consider thy heavens, work of thy fingers, moon v and stars which p thou hast ordained;

5 What is man, that f thou art mindful of him? v and the son of man, that f thou visitest him?

6 v For f thou makest him a little lower than the angels [elohim], v and with glory v and honour f thou crownest him.

7 f Thou makest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; all p thou hast put under his feet;

8 Sheep v and oxen all of them, v yea, also, beasts of the field;

9 Fowl of heavens v and fishes of The sea - d passing the paths of the seas.

10 Jehovah, our Lord [Adonim], how excellent thy name in all The earth!

*The word rendered here "set thou" is in the imperative. It occurs twenty-four times in the Old Testament, and here only was translated "hast set," which it could not be.


1 For d the chief-Musician, concerning death for the son, A Psalm of David.

2 f I will praise Jehovah, with all my heart; f I will show forth all thy marvellous works.

3 f I will be glad v and f rejoice in thee; f I will sing praise to thy name, Most High.

4 In b the turning back of d my enemies, f they shall fall v and f perish from thy presence.

5 For p thou hast maintained my right v and my cause; p thou satest in the throne d judging [or judge of] righteousness.

6 p Thou hast rebuked the Nations, p thou hast destroyed the wicked; their name p thou hast put out for ever v and ever.

7 O d enemy, destructions p have ended for perpetuity; v and cities p thou hast destroyed; their memorial p has perished with them.

8 v But Jehovah f endures for ever: p he has prepared for judgment his throne.

9 v And he f will judge the world in righteousness, f he will minister judgment to the side-nations in uprightness.

10 v And Jehovah f will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge for times in trouble.

11 v And f will trust in thee d those knowing thy name; for not p hast thou forsaken d those seeking thee, Jehovah.

12 c Sing praises to Jehovah, d the dweller in Zion: c declare among The Peoples his doings.

13 For d making inquisition for blood, them p he remembered; p not has he forgotten the cry of the humble.

14 c Have mercy on me, Jehovah! c consider [Raah] my trouble d from my haters, d thou that art lifting me up from the gates of death:

15 That f I may show forth all thy praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion; f I will rejoice in thy salvation.

16 The Nations p have sunk down in the pit p they made; in the net which p they hid, their own foot p has been taken.

17 Jehovah p has been known by the judgment p he has executed; in the work of his hands the wicked d is snared. Meditation. Pause.

18 The wicked f shall be turned into hell;* all the Nations forgetting Elohim.

19 For not alway - f shall be forgotten the needy; — [nor] the expectation of the poor f perish for ever.

20 c Arise, Jehovah; f man shall not prevail; the Nations f shall be judged in thy presence.

21 c Put, Jehovah, fear on them; the Nations f shall know that they are men. Pause.

*'Sheol,' the grave.


1 Why, Jehovah, f standest thou in the distance? f thou hidest for the times in trouble!

2 In the pride of the wicked f he persecutes the poor; f they will be taken in the devices which p they have imagined.

3 For the wicked p has boasted of his soul's desire, v and p has blessed d the covetous; — Jehovah p has abhorred him.*

4 The wicked according to the pride of his countenance, f will not seek; Elohim, there is none, is all his thoughts.

5 His ways f are grievous at every time; thy judgments are a height far above him; all d his enemies, f he puffs at them.

6 p He has said in his heart, f I shall not be moved, who am not for ever and ever in adversity.

7 Cursing p has filled his mouth f and deceit v and fraud; under his tongue mischief v and evil.

8 f He sits in the lurking-places of the villages; in the secret places f he murders the innocent; his eyes f are privily set against the poor;

9 f He lies in wait in the secret place, as a lion in his den; f he lies in wait b to catch the poor: f he catches the poor b by drawing him into his net;

10 f He crouches, he f humbles himself, v and the poor p have fallen by his strong ones.

11 p He said in his heart, El p has forgotten; p he has hid his face; p he has not seen — for ever;

12 c Arise, Jehovah, El c lift up thy hand; f thou wilt not forget the humble.

13 Wherefore p has the wicked contemned Elohim; p he has said in his heart, f thou wilt not require it.

14 p Thou hast seen it, for thou f beholdest mischief v and spite, b to requite it with thy hand; the poor f commits himself to thee; of the fatherless thou p hast been d the helper.

15 c Break thou the arm of the wicked v and evil; f thou wilt seek out his wickedness till f thou shalt not find any.

16 Jehovah is King for ever v and ever; the Nations p have perished out of his land.

17 The desire of the humble p thou hast heard, Jehovah; f thou preparest their heart, f thou causest thine ear to hear;

18 b To judge the fatherless v and oppressed, till not any more the man from The earth f shall repeat b to oppress.

* So A.V., but 'He has abhorred Jehovah' is better, which verse 13 would seem to confirm. — ED.


1 For d the chief-musician. David's. In Jehovah p have I trusted; how f say ye to my soul, c Flee, bird, to your mountain:

2 For, lo, The wicked f bend the bow, p they have made ready their arrow on the string to b shoot in the dark at the upright in heart.

3 If The foundations f are destroyed, the righteous what p has he done?

4 Jehovah is in the temple of his holiness; Jehovah, in the heavens is his throne; his eyes f behold, his eyelids f try the children of men:

5 Jehovah f tries the righteous; v but the wicked v and d the lover of violence his soul p has hated.

6 He f shall rain on the wicked snares, fire v and brimstone, v and a wind of burnings; portion of their cup.

7 For righteous Jehovah righteousness p has loved; his countenance f beholds the upright.


1 For d the chief-Musician on The 8th. A Psalm of David.

2 c Help, Jehovah; for the godly man p has ceased; for the faithful p have failed from among the children of men.

3 Vanity f they speak, each with his neighbour; with lip of flatteries and with a double heart [lit. a heart and a heart] f do they speak.

4 Jehovah f shall cut off all lips of flatteries, the tongue d speaking proud things,

5 Which p have said, with our tongue f will we prevail; our lips are our own; who is lord [adon] over us?

6 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now f will I arise, f saith Jehovah; f I will set him in safety as to him that f puffs at him.

7 The words of Jehovah are pure words; silver d tried in furnace of earth, d purified seven times.

8 Thou f shalt keep them, Jehovah; f thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever.

9 The wicked f walk around, according to f the exalting of the vilest of the children of men.


1 For d the chief-Musician. A Psalm of David.

2 Till when, Jehovah, f wilt thou forget me? For ever? Till when f hidest thou thy face from me.

3 Till when f shall I take counsel in my soul, sorrow is in my heart daily; till when f shall d mine enemy be exalted over me?

4 c Consider, c hear me, Jehovah my Elohim; c lighten mine eyes, lest f I sleep The sleep of death;

5 Lest d my enemy f shall say, p I have prevailed against him; my troublers f rejoice when f I am moved.

6 v But I in thy mercy p have trusted; my heart f shall rejoice in thy salvation; f I will sing to Jehovah, for p he has dealt bountifully with me.


1 For d the chief-Musician. Of David. The fool p has said in his heart, No, Elohim. p They have been corrupt, p have done abominable works; there is none d doing good.

2 Jehovah p looked down from heaven on the children of men, b to see whether there was the existence of d an understanding one, d seeking Elohim.

3 p Have these all gone aside, together? p Have they become filthy? Is there none d doing good, none, not even one!

4 Whether p have all d the workers of iniquity no knowledge? d eating up my People p they have eaten bread; on Jehovah p have they not called.

5 There p they feared a great fear; for Elohim is in the generation of the righteous.

6 The counsel of the poor f you put to shame, because Jehovah is his refuge.

7 Who f will give the salvation of Israel out of Zion! b in Jehovah's leading captive* the captivity of his People, Jacob f shall rejoice, Israel f shall be glad.

*Rather 'turning back' — ED.


1 A Psalm of David. Jehovah, who f shall abide in thy tabernacle? who f shall dwell in the hill of thy holiness?

2 d He walking uprightly, v and d working righteousness, v and d speaking the truth in his heart,

3 p He has not backbitten with his tongue: p he has not done to his neighbour evil, v and a reproach against his neighbour p he has not taken up.

4 d A vile person in his eyes p has been contemned; v and d the fearers of Jehovah f he honours; p he has sworn to b his own hurt, v and f he changes not.

5 His silver p he has not put out at usury; v and a bribe against, the innocent p he has not taken; d doing these things f he shall never be moved.


1 A golden Psalm of David. c Preserve me, El; for p I have trusted in thee.

2 My soul, p thou hast said* to Jehovah, Adonay art thou; my goodness not to thee,

3 But to the saints that are on earth v and the excellent; in them is all my delight.

4 Their sorrows f shall be multiplied; p they have hastened after another; not f will I offer their drink-offerings of blood, v and not f will I take up their names on my lips.

5 Jehovah is the portion of my inheritance v and of my cup; thou f dost maintain my lot.

6 The lines p have fallen to me in pleasant things; yea, a heritage of beauty is mine.

7 f I will bless Jehovah, who p has given me counsel; my reins also p have instructed me in the night-seasons.

8 p I have set Jehovah before me always; because he is at my right hand, f I shall not be moved.

9 Therefore my heart p has been glad, v and my glory f rejoices; my flesh also f shall rest in hope.

10 For f thou wilt not leave my soul in hell;† f thou wilt not suffer thy holy one b to see corruption:

11 f Thou wilt make me to know the path of life; fulness of joys is in thy presence; pleasures at thy right hand for evermore.

*The verb is feminine, so perhaps "my soul," which is feminine, may be understood here.

†'Sheol,' not gehenna.


1 A prayer of David. c Hear, Jehovah, righteousness; f attend to my cry; c give ear to my prayer which is not from lips of deceit.

2 From thy presence my sentence f shall come forth; thine eyes f behold upright things.

3 p Thou hast proved my heart; p thou hast visited me at night; p thou hast tried me, f thou wilt not find anything; p I have purposed it; my mouth f shall not transgress.

4 As to the works of men, by the word of thy lips I p have kept from the paths of the destroyer.

5 b Holding up my goings in thy pathways, my footsteps p have not slipped.

6 I p have called on thee, for f thou hearest me, El; c incline thine ear to me, c hear my speech.

7 c Show thy loving-kindness, d causing to save by thy right hand d those trusting in thee d from those rising up against them.

8 c Keep me as the apple of the eye;* under the shadow of thy wings f thou wilt hide me.

9 From the face of the wicked who p have oppressed me, d my enemies against the soul, f they compass me about.

10 Their fat p has inclosed them; as to their mouth p they have spoken with pride.

11 As to our steps, p they have now compassed us in; their eyes f they set b to bow down on the earth,

12 Like as a lion f is greedy b to tear in pieces, v and as a young lion d lurking in secret places.

13 c Arise, Jehovah, c anticipate his face, c cast him down: c deliver my soul from the wicked who is thy sword:

14 From mortals which are thy hand, Jehovah, from mortals of the world; their portion is in this life, v and with thy hidden things f thou fillest their belly; f they are full of children, v and p have left their residue to their babes.

15 I, — in righteousness f will I behold thy face; f I shall be satisfied b in waking up in thy likeness.

*'The apple of the eye;' lit. 'the little man the daughter of the eye:' a man looking into the eye of another, sees himself reflected there.


1 For d the chief Musician. For the servant of Jehovah, David: who p spake to Jehovah the words of The [or This] very song in the day Jehovah p delivered him from the hand of all d his enemies, v and from the hand of Saul.

2 And f he says: Jehovah, my strength, f I love thee.

3 Jehovah my rock, v and my fortress v and d my deliverer; my El, my strength, f I trust in him; my buckler, v and horn of my salvation, my high-tower.

4 f I call on Jehovah d who is praise-worthy: v and f I shall be saved from d my enemies.

5 Cords of death p compassed me, v and floods of belial [ungodliness] f make me afraid.

6 The cords of hell* p surrounded me: the snares of death p anticipated me.

7 In distress on me, f I call on Jehovah, v and f cry to my Elohim; f he hears my voice from his temple, v and my cry before his face f comes into his ears.

8 v And The earth f shakes and f trembles; v and the foundations of the hills f move v and f are shaken, for p there is wrath to him.

9 A smoke p went up out of his nostrils, v and fire from his mouth f devours: coals p were kindled by it.

10 v And f he bows the heavens, v and f comes down; v and darkness is under his feet.

11 v And f he rides on a cherub, and f flies; v yea, f he flies on the wings of the wind.

12 f He makes darkness his secret-place; round about him, his pavilion is darkness of waters, thick-clouds of the skies.

13 From the brightness before him his thick-clouds p passed, hail v and coals of fire;

14 v And Jehovah f thunders in the heavens, v and the Most-High f gives forth his voice; hail v and coals of fire;

15 v And f he sends out his arrows, v and f scatters them; v and p he shot out lightnings, v and f discomforts them;

16 v And the channels of waters f are seen, v and the foundations of the world f are discovered at thy rebuke, Jehovah; at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils:

17 f He sends from above, f he takes me, f he draws me out of many waters,

18 f He delivers me from my strong d enemy v and from d those hating me; for p they were strong above me.

19 f They anticipate me in the day of my calamity; v but Jehovah f is for a stay to me;

20 v And f he brings me forth into a large place; f he delivers me, because p he delighted in me.

21 Jehovah f rewards me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands f does he recompense me.

22 For p I have kept the ways of Jehovah, v and p have not wickedly departed from my Elohim.

23 For all his judgments are before me, v and f I put not away his statutes from me.

24 v And f I am upright with him, v and f keep myself from my iniquity.

25 v And Jehovah f recompenses me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands in his eyesight.

26 With the merciful f thou wilt show thyself merciful: with an upright mighty one f thou wilt show thyself upright;

27 With d the pure f thou wilt show thyself pure; v and with the froward f thou wilt show thyself froward.

28 For thou f wilt save an afflicted People; v but f wilt bring down eyes of exaltation.

29 For thou f wilt light my candle; Jehovah, my Elohim, f will enlighten my darkness.

30 For by thee f I run through a troop, v and by my Elohim f I leap a wall;

31 The El, his way is perfect; the word of Jehovah is d tried; a buckler he to all Those d trusting in him.

32 For who is Eloah besides Jehovah? v and who a rock save our Elohim;

33 The El, The one d girding me with strength, v and f he makes my way perfect;

34 d Making my feet like the hinds, v and f he sets me on my high places;

35 d Teaching my hands for the war, v and a bow of steel p has been broken by my arms.

36 v And f thou givest to me the shield of thy salvation; v and thy right hand f holds me up, v and thy gentleness f makes me great.

37 f Thou enlargest my steps under me, v and my feet p have not slipped.

38 f I will pursue d mine enemies, v and f overtake them, v and f not turn again till b their consuming.

39 f I wound them, v and f they are not able b to rise; f they are fallen under my feet.

40 v And f thou girdest me with strength for the battle; f thou subduest under Me d those rising up against me,

41 p Thou hast given me v also the necks of d my enemies; v and f I will destroy those d hating me:

42 f They cry, v but none d saving them; on Jehovah. v but p he answered them not.

43 v Then f do I beat them small as dust before the face of the wind; as the dirt of the streets f I do cast them out.

44 f Thou deliverest me from the strivings of the People; f thou makest me for head of the Nations; a People p I have not known f shall serve me.

45 b At the hearing of the ear, f they will hear me; children of the stranger f will submit† themselves to me.

46 The children of the stranger f fade away, v and f are afraid out of their close places.

47 Jehovah is living,‡ v and d blessed be my rock; v and the Elohim of my salvation f shall be exalted;

48 The El is The one d giving requitals for me, v and f he will subjugate the Peoples under me;

49 d Delivering Me d from my enemies; yea, f thou liftest me up from among d those rising up against me; from the man of violence f thou deliverest me.

50 Therefore f I give thanks to thee, Jehovah, among the Nations, v and to thy name f I sing praise.

51 d Magnifying salvation to his King; v and d showing loving-kindness to his Anointed, to David, v and to his seed for evermore.

*'Sheol,' not gehenna.

†Probably feignedly submit to me.

‡'Living,' an adjective.


1 For d the chief-Musician. A Psalm of David.

2 The heavens d are declaring the glory of El; v and The firmament d showing the work of his hands:

3 Day to day f utters speech, v and night to night f shows knowledge;

4 No speech, v and no language, but their voice p has been heard;

5 Their line p has gone out through all The earth, v and their words to the end of the world; in them p has he set a tabernacle for the sun,

6 v And he as a bridegroom d going out of his chamber, f he rejoices as a strong one b to run a race;

7 His going forth is from the end of The heavens, v and his circuit to the ends of them; v and nothing d has been hid from the heat thereof.

8 The law of Jehovah is perfect, d converting the soul; the testimony of Jehovah d is sure, d making-wise the simple.

9 The statutes of Jehovah are right, d rejoicing the heart; the commandment of Jehovah is pure, d enlightening the eyes.

10 The fear of Jehovah is clean, d enduring for ever; the judgments of Jehovah are truth, p they have been righteous altogether.

11 These are d to be desired more than gold, v and than much fine gold; v and sweeter than honey v and the honeycomb.*

12 Also by them is thy servant d warned; b in keeping of them is great reward.

13 Who f understands his errors? c cleanse thou me from d secret things.

14 c Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous things; f they shall not have dominion over me; then f I shall be upright; v and p I have been innocent from† the great transgression.

15 The words of my mouth, v and the meditation of my heart, f will be acceptable in thy sight, Jehovah, my strength v and d my redeemer.

*Marg., 'The dropping of honeycombs.'

†Or 'clear, guiltless of.'


1 For d the chief-Musician. A Psalm of David.

2 Jehovah f hears thee in the day of trouble; the name of the Elohim of Jacob f defends thee;

3 f Sends thee help from the sanctuary, v and f strengthens thee out of Zion;

4 f Remembers all thy offerings v and f accepts thy burnt sacrifice. Pause.

5 f Grants thee according to thine heart, v and f fulfils all thy counsel.

6 f We will rejoice in thy salvation, v and in the name of our Elohim f we will set up banners; Jehovah f fulfils all thy petitions.

7 Now p I have known that Jehovah p has saved his Anointed; f he will hear him from the heavens of his holiness, with the strength of the salvation of his right hand.

8 These of the chariot, v and these of horses; v but we f will make mention of the name of Jehovah our Elohim.

9 These p have been brought down and p have fallen; v but we p have risen v and f stand upright.

10 Jehovah c save The king; f he hears us in the day of b our calling.


1 For d the chief-Musician. A Psalm of David.

2 Jehovah, in thy strength the king, f shall joy; v and in thy salvation how greatly f shall he rejoice.

3 Desire of his heart p thou hast given to him, v and request of his lips p thou hast not withholden. Pause.

4 For f thou dost anticipate him with blessings of goodness; f thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head.

5 Life p he asked from thee, p thou gavest to him length of days for ever and ever.

6 Great is his glory in thy salvation; honour v and majesty f thou layest on him.

7 For f thou dost make him blessings for ever; f thou dost make him glad with the joy of thy countenance.

8 For The king d is trusting in Jehovah, v and in the loving-kindness of the Most High, not f shall he be moved.

9 Thine hand f shall find out all d thine enemies; thy right hand f shall find out d those hating thee.

10 f Thou shalt make them as an oven of fire in the time of thine anger; Jehovah in his wrath f will swallow them up, v and fire f shall devour them.

11 Their fruit f wilt thou destroy from the earth, v and their seed from among the children of men.

12 For p they intended evil against thee; p they imagined a mischievous-device, which f they are not able to do.

13 For f thou wilt make them turn the back; f thou wilt make ready on thy bow strings against the face of them.

14 c Be exalted, Jehovah, in thy strength; f we will sing v and f praise thy power.


1 For d the chief-Musician, on The hind of The dawn. A Psalm of David.

2 My El, my El, why p hast thou forsaken me! far from helping me, the words of my roaring.

3 My Elohim, f I cry in the daytime, v but f thou hearest not, v and in the night season, v and there is no silence to me.

4 v But thou art holy, d the one inhabiting the praises of Israel.

5 In thee our fathers p trusted; p they trusted, v and f thou rescuest them.,

6 To thee p they cried v and p were delivered; in thee p they trusted, v and p were not confounded.

7 v But I a worm v and no man; a reproach of men v and d despised of the People.

8 All d seeing me f scornfully laugh at me; f they shoot out the lip, f they shake the head,

9 b Rolling on Jehovah, f he rescues him; f he will draw him forth, for p he delighted in him.

10 For thou art d the taker of me out of the womb; d making me hope on the breasts of my mother.

11 Upon thee p was I cast from the womb; from the belly of my mother, my El art thou.

12 f Thou wilt not be far from me; for trouble is near; for none d helping.

13 Many bulls p have compassed me; strong ones of Bashan p have beset me round.

14 p They gaped on me their mouths, as a lion d ravening v and d roaring;

15 p I have been poured out like water, v and all my bones p have been out of joint; my heart p has been like wax, p it has been melted in the midst of my bowels.

16 My strength p has been dried up like a potsherd; v and my tongue d cleaved to my jaws; v and f thou bringest me to the dust of death.

17 For dogs p have compassed me; the assembly of d the wicked p have enclosed me; p they pierced my hands v and my feet.

18 f I tell all my bones; these f look, f they stare on me.

19 f They part my garments among them, v and f cast the lot on my vesture.

20 v But thou, Jehovah, f art not far off. My strength, for my help c haste thou;

21 c Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling* from the hand of the dog,

22 c Save me from the mouth of the lion; v even from the horns of the unicorns, p thou hast heard me.

23 f I will declare thy name to my brethren; in the midst of the congregation f will I praise thee.

24 Fearers of Jehovah, c praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob c glorify him; v and c fear before him, all ye the seed of Israel.

25 For p he has not despised v and p he has not abhorred the affliction of the afflicted one; v and p he has not hidden his face from him; v and b in his crying to him p he heard.

26 Of thee my praise shall be in the great congregation; my vows f will I pay before his fearers.

27 The meek f shall eat v and f be satisfied; d those seeking him f shall praise Jehovah; your heart f shall live for ever.

28 All the ends of the earth f shall remember v and f turn to Jehovah; v and all the kindreds of the Nations f shall worship before thee.

29 For to Jehovah is The kingdom; v and d he ruling among the Nations.

30 All the fat of the earth p have eaten v and f worship; all d going down to the dust f shall bow before him; v and his own soul p he† has not kept alive.

31 A seed f serves him; f it shalt be accounted to Adonay for a generation.

32 f They come v and f declare his righteousness to a People d about to be born; for p he has done it.

*'My only one' would be better.

†He or "one," like the French "on"


1 A Psalm of David. Jehovah d is shepherding me: f I do not want.

2 In pastures of greenness f he makes me to lie down; by waters of rest f he leads me;

3 My soul f he restores; f he leads me in paths of righteousness, for the sake of his name.

4 Yea, though f I walk in the valley of the shadow of death, f I will not fear evil; for thou art with me, thy rod and thy staff, these f comfort me.

5 f Thou preparest before me a table in the presence of d my enemies; p thou hast anointed my head with oil; my cup runs over.*

6 Surely goodness v and loving-kindness f will follow me all the days of my life; v and p I have dwelt in the house of Jehovah for ever.†

*Marg., 'has moisture.'

Lit 'for length of days.'


1 For David. A psalm. The earth is for Jehovah v and its fulness; the world v and d those dwelling in it:

2 For he p has founded it on the seas, v and f establishes it on the floods.

3 Who f ascends into the mount of Jehovah; v and who f shall stand in the place of his holiness?

4 Clean of hands v and the pure of heart; who p has not lifted up his soul to vanity v and p has not sworn deceitfully:

5 f He shall receive blessing from Jehovah, v and righteousness from the Elohim of his salvation.

6 This the generation of d those following him, d seeking thy face, Jacob. Pause.

7 c Lift up ye gates your heads; v and be you lifted up, you doors of everlasting; v and the king of The glory f shall come in.

8 Who is this king of The glory? Jehovah strong v and mighty, Jehovah mighty in battle.

9 c Lift up ye gates your heads; v and c lift up ye doors of everlasting: v and the king of The glory f shall come in.

10 Who, He, this king of The glory? Jehovah of hosts, He is King of The glory. Pause.


1 For David. To thee, Jehovah, f I lift up my soul:

2 My Elohim, in thee p have I trusted, f I shall not be ashamed; d my enemies f shall not triumph over me;

3 Yea, not any d of those waiting on thee f shall be ashamed: The d transgressors without cause f shall be ashamed.

4 c Show me thy ways, Jehovah; c teach me thy paths.

5 c Lead me in thy truth, v and c teach me; for thou art Elohim of my salvation; on thee p have I waited all The day.

6 c Remember, Jehovah, thy tender-mercies v and thy loving-kindnesses; for these are ever of old.

7 The sins of my youth v and my transgressions f thou wilt not remember: thou, according to thy loving-kindness c remember thou me, for the sake of thy goodness, Jehovah.

8 Good v and upright is Jehovah; therefore f will he teach sinners in the way.

9 f He will guide the meek in judgment; v and the meek f will he teach his way.

10 All the paths of Jehovah are loving-kindness v and truth d to those keeping his covenant v and his testimonies.

11 For the sake of thy name, Jehovah, p thou hast pardoned v also my iniquity, for it is great.

12 Who this The man fearing* Jehovah? f he will teach him in the way f he will choose.

13 His soul f shall dwell in good; v and his seed f shall inherit the earth.

14 The secret of Jehovah is for those fearing him v and his covenant, b to make them know it.

15 My eyes are ever toward Jehovah; for he f will pluck my feet out of the net.

16 c Turn thou to me, v and c have mercy on me, for solitary v and afflicted am I.

17 The troubles of my heart p have been enlarged; out of my distresses c bring me.

18 c Look on my affliction v and my pain, v and c forgive all my sins.

19 c Look on d my enemies, for p they have increased, v and p they have hated me with hatred of violence.

20 c Keep my soul, v and c deliver me; f I shall not be ashamed, for p I have trusted in thee.

21 Integrity v and uprightness f will preserve me; for p I have waited on thee.

22 c Redeem Israel, Elohim out of all his troubles.

*'Fearing,' adjective.


1 For David. c Judge me, Jehovah, for I p have walked in my integrity, v and in Jehovah p I have trusted; f I shall not slide.

2 c Examine me, Jehovah, v and c prove me; c try my reins v and my heart;

3 For thy loving-kindness is before mine eyes; v and p I have walked in thy truth;

4 p I have not sat with vain mortals, v and with d dissemblers f I go not;

5 p I have hated the congregation of d evil-doers, v and with the wicked f I will not sit.

6 f I will wash in innocency my hands, v and I will compass thy altar, Jehovah:

7 b To make known with the voice of thanksgiving; v and b to tell of all thy d wondrous-works.

8 Jehovah, p I have loved the habitation of thy house, v and the place of the dwelling of thy glory.

9 f Thou wilt not gather with sinners my soul, v and with men of blood my life;

10 As to whom in their hands is mischief, v and their right hand p has been full of bribes:

11 v But I, in my integrity f will walk; c redeem me, v and c be merciful to me.

12 My foot p has stood in an even place; in the congregations f will I bless Jehovah.


1 For David. Jehovah, my light v and my salvation. Of whom f shall I be in fear? Jehovah the strength of my life, of whom f shall I be afraid?

2 b In drawing near to me d the wicked, b to eat up my flesh, my foes v and d my enemies against me these p stumbled v and p fell.

3 If a camp f encamps against me, my heart f shall not fear; if war f rises against me, in this am I d confident.

4 One thing p have I desired from Jehovah, that f will I seek after; b my dwelling in the house of Jehovah all the days of my life, b to behold the beauty of Jehovah, v and b to enquire in his temple.

5 For f he will conceal me in his pavilion in the day of trouble, he will hide me in the secret of his tabernacle; on a rock f will he set me up.

6 v And now my head f shall be lifted up above d my enemies round about me, v and f I will offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; f I will sing, v even f I will sing praises to Jehovah.

7 c Hear Jehovah, with my voice f I cry; v and c have mercy on me, v and c answer me.

8 To thee p said my heart, c Seek ye my face; thy face, Jehovah, f I will seek:

9 f Thou hidest not thy face from me, f thou puttest not in anger thy servant away; my help p hast thou been: f thou wilt not leave me, v and f thou wilt not forsake me, Elohim of my salvation.

10 When my father v and my mother p forsook me, v even Jehovah f takes me up.

11 c Teach me thy way, Jehovah, v and c lead me in a plain path, because of d my enemies.

12 f Thou wilt not give me over to the desire of my enemies, for witnesses of lies p have risen up against me, v and those breathing* out cruelty: they'll triumph,

13 Unless p I have believed b to look on the goodness of Jehovah in the land of the living.

14 c Wait thou on Jehovah; c be strong, v and f he will strengthen thy heart, v even c wait on Jehovah.

*'Breathing,' an adjective.


1 For David. To thee, Jehovah, f I cry, my rock; f thou wilt not be silent as to me, lest, if f thou art silent as to me, p I v even have become like d those going down to the pit.

2 c Hear the voice of my supplications, b in my crying to thee, b in the lifting up of my hands to the oracle of thy holiness.

3 f Thou wilt. not draw me away with the wicked, v and with d the workers of iniquity, d speaking peace with their neighbours, v and mischief in their hearts.

4 c Give to them according to their work, v and according to the wickedness of their endeavours: according to the work of their hands c give to them; c return to them their desert,

5 Because f they regard not the works of Jehovah v and the operation of his hands; f he will destroy them, v and f not build them up.

6 d Blessed be Jehovah, because p he has heard the voice of my supplications.

7 Jehovah is my strength v and my shield; in him my heart p trusted, v and p I have been helped; v and my heart f greatly rejoiceth: v and with my song f I will praise him.

8 Jehovah is strength to them, v and the strength of the salvations of his anointed is he.

9 c Save thy People, v and c bless thy inheritance; v and c feed them, v and c lift them up for The ever [eternity].


1 A Psalm of David. c Give to Jehovah, ye sons of the mighty, c give to Jehovah, glory v and strength.

2 c Give to Jehovah, the glory of his name; c worship toward Jehovah in the beauty of holiness.

3 The voice of Jehovah is on The waters; El of The glory p has thundered; Jehovah is on many waters.

4 The voice of Jehovah is in power; The voice of Jehovah in majesty.

5 The voice of Jehovah d breaking cedars; v and Jehovah, f he breaks the cedars of The Lebanon.

6 v And f he makes them skip as a calf, — Lebanon v and Sirion as the young of unicorns.

7 The voice of Jehovah d dividing the flames of fire;

8 The voice of Jehovah, f shakes the wilderness; Jehovah f shakes the wilderness of Kadesh;

9 The voice of Jehovah f makes the hinds to calve, v and f lays bare the forests, v and in his temple each of his d speaking of glory.

10 Jehovah on the flood p has sat; v yea, Jehovah f sits King for ever.

11 Jehovah, strength to his People f gives; Jehovah f blesses his People with peace.


1 A Psalm; Song of dedication of The house of David.

2 f I will extol thee, Jehovah; for p thou hast lifted me up, v and not p made d my foes to rejoice over me.

3 Jehovah my Elohim p I cried to thee, v and f thou healest me.

4 Jehovah, p thou hast brought up my soul from the grave; p thou hast kept me alive b from my going down to the pit.

5 c Sing to Jehovah, ye his saints, v and c give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness.

6 For a moment is in his anger; life is in his favour; weeping f will endure for a night,* v and in the morning joy.

7 v And I p said in my prosperity, f I shall not be removed for ever;

8 Jehovah, by thy favour p thou hast made to stand my mountain in strength p thou didst hide thy face, p I became d troubled.

9 To thee, Jehovah, f I cry, v and to Jehovah f I make my supplication.

10 What profit in my blood, b in my going down to the pit. Whether f shall the dust give thanks to thee? Whether f will it declare thy truth?

11 c Hear, Jehovah, v and c have mercy on me; Jehovah, c be thou d helping me,

12 p Thou hast turned my mourning to dancing for me; p thou hast put off my sackcloth, v and f thou girdest me with gladness.

13 To the end that glory f shall sing praise to thee, v and f it shall not be silent. Jehovah my Elohim, for ever f will I give thee thanks.

*Lit. 'for the evening.' — ED.


1 For d the chief-Musician. A Psalm of David.

2 In thee, Jehovah, p have I trusted, f I shall not be ashamed for ever; in thy righteousness c deliver me.

3 c Bow down to me thine ear; speedily c deliver me; c be to me for a strong rock, for a house of defence b to save me;

4 For my rock v and my fortress art thou; v and for the sake of thy name f thou wilt lead me, v and f guide me;

5 f Thou wilt pull me out of the net which p they have laid privily for me, for thou art my strength.

6 Into thy hand f I commit my spirit; p thou hast redeemed me, Jehovah, El of truth.

7 p I have hated d those regarding vanities of lying, v and I in Jehovah p have trusted.

8 f I will be glad v and f will rejoice in thy loving-kindness; in that p thou hast seen my trouble; p thou hast known in adversities my soul.

9 v And p thou hast not shut me up in the hand of the d enemy; p thou hast made my feet stand in a large room.

10 c Have mercy on me, Jehovah, for trouble is on me; mine eye p has been consumed with grief, my soul v and my belly.

11 For my life p has consumed with grief, v and my years with sighing; my strength p has failed from my iniquity, v and my bones p have consumed.

12 p I became a reproach among all my d enemies, v and greatly to my neighbours; v and a fear to my d acquaintance; d those seeing me without p they fled from me.

13 p I have been forgotten as a dead man out of mind, p I have been as a vessel d perishing.

14 For p I have heard the slander of many; fear was on every side; b in their taking counsel together against me, p they devised b the taking of my life.

15 v But I p trusted on thee, Jehovah; p I said, my Elohim art thou.

16 In thy hand are my times, c deliver me from the hand of d my enemies v and from d those persecuting me.

17 c Make thy face to shine upon thy servant; c save me in thy loving-kindness.

18 Jehovah, f I shall not be ashamed, for p I have called on thee; the wicked f shall be ashamed, f they shall be silent in the grave.

19 Lips of lies f shall be put to silence; d Those speaking against the righteous grievous things, in pride v and contempt.

20 How great thy goodness, which p thou hast laid up for those fearing thee; p thou hast wrought for d those trusting in thee before the sons of men:

21 f Thou wilt hide them in the hiding-place of thy presence from the pride of man; f thou wilt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues.

22 d Blessed be Jehovah, for p he has showed me his marvellous loving-kindness in a strong city.

23 v And p I said in my haste, p I have been cut off from before thine eyes, surely p thou heardest the voice of my supplications b in my crying to thee.

24 c Love Jehovah, all ye his saints; Jehovah d preserver of the faithful, v and, d requiting plentifully the proud d doer.

25 c Be strong, v and f he will strengthen your hearts, all d those hoping in Jehovah.


1 David's. Instruction. Blessed is d he who is forgiven as to transgression, v and d covered as to sin.

2 Blessed is the man to whom Jehovah f imputes not iniquity; v and in his spirit there is no guile.

3 When p I kept silence, my bones p waxed old through my roaring all The day.

4 For day v and night thy hand f is heavy on me; my moisture p has been turned into the drought of summer. Pause.

5 My sin f I acknowledge, v and my iniquity p I have not hid; p I said, f I confess concerning my transgressions to Jehovah; v and thou p thou didst forgives the iniquity of my sin. Pause.

6 For this every one that is godly f shall pray to thee in a time of b finding; surely in the flood of great waters f they will not come nigh to him.

7 Thou art a hiding-place for me; from trouble f thou wilt preserve me; with songs of deliverance f thou wilt compass me about. Pause.

8 f I will instruct thee v and f teach thee in what way f thou shalt go; f I will guide over thee mine eye.

9 f You shall not be as horse, as mule, without b understanding; with bit v and bridle their mouth b to restrain, that there be not b the drawing near to thee.

10 Many sorrows are to the wicked; v but The d truster in Jehovah, loving-kindness f shall compass him about.

11 c Be glad in Jehovah, v and c rejoice, ye righteous; v and c shout for joy, all ye upright in heart.


1 c Rejoice, ye righteous, in Jehovah; for the upright praise is comely.

2 c Praise Jehovah with harp, with psaltery of ten strings, c sing to him.

3 c Sing ye to him a new song, c do well in b playing with a loud noise.

4 For right is the word of Jehovah, v and all his works are in truth:

5 d Loving righteousness v and judgment, he; with the loving kindness of Jehovah The earth p is full;

6 By the word of Jehovah the heavens p were made, v and by the breath of his mouth all their host;

7 d Gathering together as an heap the waters of The sea, d laying up in stores the depths;

8 All The earth f shall fear Jehovah, all d the inhabitants of the world f shall be in awe of him.

9 For he p spoke, v and f it exists; p he commanded, v and f it stands fast.

10 Jehovah p brought to nought the counsel of the Nations, p he made the devices of the Peoples of none effect.

11 The counsel of Jehovah f stands for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.

12 Blessed is The Nation whose Elohim is Jehovah, The People p he has chosen for an inheritance to himself.

13 From the heavens p looked down Jehovah, p he beheld all the sons of The man.

14 From the place of b his dwelling p he looked to all d those inhabiting The earth.

15 d The one forming their hearts alike, d The one considering all their works.

16 No one who is The king is d saved by the multitude of a host, a mighty one f is not delivered by much strength.

17 Vain The horse for safety, v and not by his great strength f is he saved.

18 Behold, the eye of Jehovah is on those fearing him, on d those hoping in his kindness,

19 b To deliver from death their soul, v and b to keep them alive in famine.

20 Our soul p has waited on Jehovah, our help v and our shield is he.

21 For in him f rejoices our heart, for p we trusted in the name of his holiness.

22 Thy kindness, Jehovah, f is on us, as p we hoped in thee.


1 David's. b In his changing his conduct before Abimelech; v and f he drives him away, v and f he departs.

2 f I bless Jehovah at all times, continually his praise is in my mouth.

3 In Jehovah my soul f shall make her boast; the humble f shall hear v and f be glad.

4 c Magnify Jehovah with me, v and f we will exalt his name together.

5 p I sought Jehovah, v and p he heard me, and from all my fears p delivered me.

6 p They looked to him, v and p were enlightened, v and their faces f are not ashamed.

7 This poor man p cried, v and Jehovah p heard, v and out of all his troubles p saved him.

8 d Encamping is the angel of Jehovah round about to those fearing him, v and f he will deliver them.

9 c Taste v and c see that Jehovah is good; blessed is The mighty man that f trusts in him.

10 c Fear Jehovah, ye his saints, for no want is there to those fearing him.

11 Young lions p have lacked, v and p hungered, v but d those seeking Jehovah f shall not want any good.

12 c Come, children, c hearken to me, f I will teach you the fear of Jehovah.

13 Who is The man The one desiring life, d loving days to b see good in?

14 c Keep thy tongue from evil, v and thy lips from b speaking guile.

15 c Depart from evil, v and c do good; c seek peace, v and c pursue it.

16 The eyes of Jehovah are toward the righteous, v and his ears toward their cry,

17 The face of Jehovah is against d those doing wrong, b to cut off from the earth the remembrance of them.

18 p Men have cried, v and Jehovah p has heard, v and p delivered them out of all their troubles.

19 Nigh is Jehovah to d the broken of heart, v and the contrite of spirit f he saves.

20 Many are the afflictions of the righteous, v but out of them all Jehovah f delivers him;

21 d Keeping all his bones, one of them p has not been broken.

22 Evil f shall slay the wicked, v and d those hating the righteous f shall be desolate.

23 Jehovah d is redeeming the soul of his servants, v and not any of d Those trusting in him f shall be desolate.


1 For David. c Contend, Jehovah, with d those contending with me; c fight against d those fighting against me.

2 c Take hold of shield v and buckler, v and c stand up for my help;

3 v And c draw out the spear, v and c stop b the meeting with me d of those persecuting me; c say to my soul, thy salvation am I.

4 f They shall be confounded v and f shall be put to shame d those seeking after my soul; f they shall be turned back v and f brought to confusion f devising my hurt;

5 f They shall be as chaff before the wind, v and the angel of Jehovah d achasing;

6 Their way f shall be darkness v and slippery; v and the angel of Jehovah d persecuting them;

7 For without cause p have they hid for me their net in a pit, without cause p they digged it for my soul;

8 Destruction f shall come on him, not f shall he know of it, v and his net which p he hid f shall catch himself; into destruction f he shall fall in it.

9 v And my soul f shall be joyful in Jehovah; f it shall rejoice in his salvation.

10 All my bones f shall say, Jehovah, who is like to thee, d delivering the poor from the stronger than he; v yea, the poor v and needy from him d spoiling him.

11 f There rise up witnesses of violence, who f lay to my charge* things p I knew not.

12 f They reward me evil for good, a spoiling of my soul.

13 v And I, b in their being sick, my clothing was sackcloth, p I humbled my soul with fasting, v and my prayer f returns to my bosom.

14 As a friend, as a brother to me, p I behaved myself; as one mourning a mother p I bowed down, d being heavy.

15 v But in my adversity p they rejoiced, v and p were gathered together, the abjects p were gathered together against me, v and p I knew it not; p they did tear me, v and p ceased not.

16 With hypocritical mockers at feasts, b gnashing on me with their teeth.

17 Adonay, how long f wilt thou look on? c rescue my soul from their destructions, from the lions my darling†.

18 f I will give thee thanks in the great congregation; among a strong People f I will praise thee.

19 d My enemies wrongfully f shall not rejoice over me; d those hating me without a cause f shall not‡ wink the eye.

20 For not peace f speak they, v and against the quiet in the land f they devise deceitful things.

21 v Yea, f they open wide their mouth against me; p they said Aha, aha, our eye p has seen it.

22 p Thou hast seen, Jehovah, f thou wilt not keep silence; Adonay, f thou wilt not be far from me.

23 c Stir up thyself, v and c awake to my judgment, my Elohim v and Adonay to my cause.

24 c Judge me according to thy righteousness, Jehovah my Elohim; v and f they will not rejoice over me.

25 f They will not say in their hearts, Aha, our soul, [our desire this]; f they will not say, p we have swallowed him up.

26 f They will be ashamed, v and f brought to confusion together, d those rejoicing at my hurt; f they will be clothed with shame v and dishonour, d Those magnifying against me.

27 f They shall shout for joy, v and f be glad that favour my righteousness, v and f they shall say continually: Jehovah f shall be magnified, The one taking pleasure in the prosperity of his servant.

28 v And my tongue f shall speak of thy righteousness; all The day of thy praise.

*'Lay to my charge,' or 'ask of me.'

†'Darling,' or 'only one.'

‡The 'not' of the first clause is understood in the second.


1 For d the chief Musician. Of David, servant of Jehovah.

2 The transgression of the wicked d is saying in the inside of my heart, — there is no fear of Elohim before his eyes,

3 For p he has flattered himself in his eyes, to b the finding of his iniquity b to be hateful;*

4 The words of his mouth are iniquity v and deceit; p he has left off b to be wise b to do good;

5 Mischief f he devises on his bed, f he sets himself on a way not good, evil f he abhors not.

6 Jehovah in The heavens is thy loving-kindness; thy faithfulness unto the clouds;

7 Thy righteousness is as the mountains of El; thy judgments are a great deep; Man v and beast f thou preservest Jehovah.

8 How excellent is thy loving-kindness, Elohim; v therefore the children of men f trust under the shadow of thy wings.

9 f They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house, v and of the river of thy pleasures f thou wilt make them drink.

10 For with thee is the fountain of life, in thy light f we see light.

11 c Continue thy loving-kindness d to those knowing thee, v and thy righteousness to the upright of heart.

12 The foot of pride f shall not come against me, v and the hand of the wicked f shall not remove me.

13 There p have fallen d those working iniquity, p they have been cast down, v and p have not been able to rise.

*Marg. 'be hateful,' or 'to hate,' To hate it; i.e. his iniquity.


1 Of David, f Thou shalt not fret thyself because of d evil-doers; f thou shalt not be envious against d the workers of iniquity.

2 For like grass f they shall quickly be cut down, v and as the green herb f wither.

3 c Trust in Jehovah, v and c do good; c dwell in the land, v and c feed in truth.

4 v And c delight thyself in Jehovah; v and f he will give to thee the desires of thy heart;

5 c Commit to Jehovah thy way, c trust v also in him, v and f he will bring it to pass;

6 v And p he has caused to come forth as the light thy righteousness, v and thy judgment as the noonday.

7 c Rest in Jehovah, f and c wait patiently for him; f thou shalt not fret thyself at d him who prospers in his way, at the man d bringing wicked devices to pass.

8 c Cease from anger, v and c forsake wrath; f thou shalt not fret thyself m any wise b to do evil,

9 For d evil-doers f shall be cut off; v and d those waiting on Jehovah, these f shall inherit the earth.

10 v For yet a little while, v and none wicked; v yea, p thou hast diligently considered his place, v and there is none of it.

11 v But the meek f shall inherit the earth; v and p they have delighted themselves in the abundance of peace.

12 The wicked is d plotting against the just, v and d gnashing on him his teeth.

13 Adonay f will laugh at him, for p he has seen that his day f comes.

14 Sword, the wicked p have drawn out; v and p have bent their bow, b to cast down the poor v and needy, b to slay the upright in the way.

15 Their sword f shall enter into their own heart, v and their bows f shall be broken.

16 A little to the righteous man is good more than the riches of many wicked.

17 For the arms of the wicked f shall be broken, v but d upholding the righteous is Jehovah.

18 Jehovah d is knowing the days of the upright, v and their inheritance f shall be for ever;

19 f They shall not be ashamed in the time of evil, v and in days of famine f they shall be satisfied:

20 For the wicked f shall perish, v and d the enemies of Jehovah be as the fat of lambs; p they have consumed away, in smoke p they have consumed away.

21 A wicked man is d borrowing, v and f he will not repay, v but a righteous man d is showing mercy v and d giving:

22 For d the blessed of him f shall inherit the earth, v and d the cursed of him f they shall be cut off.

23 Of Jehovah, the steps of a great man p have been ordered, v and in his way f he delights.

24 Though f he falls, f he shall not be utterly cast down, for Jehovah d is upholding his hand.

25 Young p I have been, also p I have become aged; v yet p have I not seen the righteous d forsaken, v or his seed d begging bread;

26 All The day d he is showing mercy, v and d lending; v and his seed is for a blessing.

27 c Depart from evil, v and c do good, v and c dwell for evermore.

28 For Jehovah d is loving judgment, v and f he forsakes not his saints, for ever p they have been preserved; v and the seed of the wicked p has been cut off.

29 The righteous f shall inherit the land, v and f dwell on it for ever.

30 The mouth of the righteous f speaks wisdom v and his tongue f talks of judgment;

31 The law of his Elohim is in his heart, not f shall slide his steps:

32 d Watching is the wicked against the righteous, v and d seeking to b slay him;

33 Jehovah f will not leave him in his hand, v and f will not condemn him b in his being judged.

34 c Wait on Jehovah v and c keep his way, v and f he will exalt thee b to inherit the land, b in the cutting off of the wicked f thou shalt see it.

35 p I have seen the wicked in great power, v and d spreading himself like a green bay tree.

36 v Yet f he passes, and lo, there is none of him, v and f I seek him, v but p he was not found.

37 c Mark the perfect, v and c behold the upright; for the end of that man is peace.

38 v But d those transgressing p have been destroyed together; the end of the wicked p has been cut off.

39 v But the salvation of the righteous is from Jehovah; he is their strength in time of trouble.

40 v And Jehovah f helps them, v and f delivers them; f he delivers them from the wicked, v and f saves them, for p they have trusted in him.


1 A Psalm of David, b to bring to remembrance.

2 Jehovah, f thou wilt not in thy wrath rebuke me, v or in thy hot displeasure f chasten me.

3 For thine arrows p have stuck fast in me, v and thy hand f presses sore on me;

4 No soundness in my flesh in the presence of thine anger; no rest in my bones in the presence of my sin.

5 For my iniquities p have gone over my head, as a burden which is heavy; f they are too heavy for me.

6 p They have stunk, p they have been corrupt my wounds, in presence of my foolishness.

7 p I have been troubled, p bowed down, very much! all The day p I have gone d mourning;

8 For my loins p have been full of d a loathsome thing, v and no soundness is in my flesh.

9 p I have been feeble v and p broken, very much; p I have roared from the disquietness of my heart.

10 Adonay, before thee is all my desire; v and my groaning from thee p has not been hidden.

11 My heart p has panted; p failed me has my strength; v and light of my eyes, these also are not with me.

12 d My lovers v and my friends from my sore f stand aloof, v and my kinsmen afar off p have stood.

13 v And f they lay snares d those seeking my soul; v and d those following after my hurt p have spoken mischievous c things, v and deceits all The day f they imagine.

14 v But I, — as deaf f I hear not, v and am as one dumb, f he opens not his mouth.

15 v Thus f I am as a man that is not d hearing, v and in his mouth are no reproofs:

16 For in thee, Jehovah, p have I hoped; thou f wilt hear, Adonay my Elohim.

17 For p I said lest f they rejoice over me; b in the slipping of my feet p they have magnified* against me.

18 For I for halting d am ready, v and my wound is continually before me.

19 For my iniquity, f I will declare it; f I will be sorry for my sin.

20 v But d my enemies are lively; p they have been strong; v and d those hating me wrongfully p have multiplied.

21 v Also d those rendering evil for good f hate me for b my following of good.

22 f Thou, wilt not forsake me, Jehovah; my Elohim, f thou wilt not be far from me.

23 c Haste to my help, Adonay, my salvation.

*Magnified or gloried.


1 For d the chief-Musician, to Jeduthun. A Psalm of David.

2 p I said, f I will keep my ways, b from sinning with my tongue; f I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.

3 p I was dumb with silence, p I held my peace from good; v and my sorrow p was stirred;

4 p Hot was my heart within me; in my musing, the fire f burns; p I spake with my tongue.

5 c Make me to know, Jehovah f my end, v and the measure of my days, what it is; f I shall know how frail I am.

6 Behold, hand breadths p hast thou made my days; v and mine age is as nothing before thee, surely all vanity is every man d standing. Pause.

7 Surely in a vain show man f walks; surely f they are disquieted with vanity; f he heaps up and f knows not who d the one gathering of them shall be.

8 v And now, Adonay, what p have I waited for? my hope in thee it is.

9 From all my transgressions, c deliver me; reproach of the fool f thou wilt not make me;

10 p I was dumb, f I open not my mouth; for thou p didst it.

11 c Remove from me thy stroke; by the blow of thy hand I p have been consumed;

12 With rebukes for sin p thou has corrected man, v and p thou makest to consume away, like a moth, his beauty. Surely every man is vanity. Pause.

13 c Hear my prayer, Jehovah, v and to my cry c give ear; at my tears f thou wilt not hold thy peace, for a stranger am I with thee, a sojourner as all my fathers.

14 c Spare me, v and f I shall recover strength, before f I go v and am no more.


1 For d the chief-Musician. A Psalm of David.

2 b Waiting p I waited for Jehovah, v and f he inclines to me, v and f hears my cry.

3 v And f he will bring me out of a horrible pit, out of clay of The mire, v and f will set on the rock my feet, p he has established my goings;

4 v And f he will put in my mouth a new song praise to our Elohim; many f shall see v and f fear v and f trust in Jehovah.

5 Blessed The mighty one who p has made Jehovah his trust, v and has not turned to the proud v and d those turning aside to falsehood.

6 Many things thou p hast done Jehovah, my Elohim; thy wonderful works v and thy thoughts to us-ward; there is no b reckoning up unto thee. f Will I declare v and f tell them p they have been more than b a reckoning.

7 Sacrifice v and offering p thou hast not desired; ears p hast thou opened* for me; burnt-offering v and sin-offering p hast thou not required.

8 Then p said I, Lo, p I have come: in the roll of the book d it is written of me;

9 To b do thy will, my Elohim, p I have delighted; v and thy law is within my heart.

10 p I have preached righteousness in the great congregation; lo, my lips f I withhold not, Jehovah, thou p hast known it.

11 Thy righteousness p I hid not within my heart; thy faithfulness v and thy salvation p I have declared, p I have not concealed thy loving-kindness v and thy truth from the great congregation.

12 Thou, Jehovah, f wilt not withhold thy tender mercies from me; thy loving-kindness v and thy truth continually f will preserve me.

13 For evils till there was no number p encompassed me about; my iniquities p have taken hold on me, v and p I have not been able to b look up; p they have been more than the hairs of my head, v and my heart p failed me.

14 c Be pleased, Jehovah, to b deliver me; Jehovah, to my help c haste.

15 f They shall be ashamed v and f confounded together d those seeking after my soul to b destroy it; f they shall be driven back v and f put to shame wishing me evil.

16 f They shall be desolate for reward of their shame d Those saying to me, Aha, aha.

17 f They shall rejoice v and be glad in thee all d seeking thee; f they shall say continually, Jehovah f shall be magnified d those loving thy salvation.

18 v And I, poor v and needy; Adonay f thinks of me: my help v and d my deliverer thou. My Elohim f thou wilt make no tarrying.

*'Opened,' or 'digged.'


1 For d the chief-Musician. A Psalm of David.

2 Blessed is d he considering of the poor; in the day of trouble, Jehovah f will deliver him.

3 Jehovah f will preserve him, v and f keep him alive; v and p he has been blessed on the earth; v and f thou wilt not deliver him up to the will of d his enemies.

4 Jehovah f will strengthen him on the bed of languishing; p thou hast made all his lying-down in his sickness.

5 I p said, Jehovah, c be merciful to me; c heal my soul; for p l have sinned against thee.

6 d My enemies f speak evil of me, When will f he die, v and his name p have perished.

7 v And if p he has come to b see, f he speaks vanity; his heart f gathers iniquity to it; f he will go forth, f he speaks it abroad.

8 Together against me f whisper all d hating me; against me f they devise evil against me.

9 An evil disease* d cleaving fast to him; v and now that p he has laid down, f he will not repeat b to rise up.

10 Also the individual of my peace,† in whom p I trusted, d he eating my bread, p has lifted up the heel against me.

11 v But thou, Jehovah, c be merciful to me, v and c raise me up, v and f I will requite them.

12 By this p have I known that p thou hast delighted in me; for d my enemy f does not triumph over me.

13 v And I, in my integrity p thou hast upheld me; v and f settest me before thy face for ever.

14 d Blessed be Jehovah Elohim of Israel from The everlasting v and to The everlasting. Amen, v and Amen.

*'An evil disease,' or 'a disease of belial'

†'My own familiar friend.'