Bible Dictionary Z 2, N.T. Syn. 1.

Zedad. [Ze'dad]

The northern border of the promised land. Num. 34:8; Ezek. 47:15. Probably Sudud, 34 23' N, 36 58' E., about 50 miles E.N.E. of Baalbec.

Zedekiah. [Zedeki'ah]

1.  The name given by Nebuchadnezzar to Mattaniah, son of Josiah, whom he set on the throne of Judah. Zedekiah reigned eleven years, B.C. 599-588, and was the last king of Judah. His reign was evil; he did not humble himself before the prophet Jeremiah, and profaned the name of Jehovah by breaking his oath to the king of Babylon. The chief priests and the people also transgressed greatly. On Zedekiah revolting from Nebuchadnezzar, he formed an alliance with Egypt (cf. Ezek. 17:3-20); but Egypt was defeated, and then Nebuchadnezzar pushed on the siege of Jerusalem.

Zedekiah was many times warned by Jeremiah against his course, and was advised to submit to Babylon; but for this Jeremiah was persecuted by the princes of Judah. When the city was taken, Zedekiah, with his wives and children, attempted to escape, but he was captured. Two prophecies respecting him are remarkable: one that he shall speak with the king of Babylon, and "his eyes shall behold his eyes," Jer. 32:4; and the other that "he shall be brought to Babylon, yet shall he not see it, though he shall die there." Ezek. 12:13. And thus it came to pass: on being carried before Nebuchadnezzar at Riblah, his sons were slain before his face, then his eyes were put out, and he was carried to Babylon. 2 Kings 24:17, 20; 2 Kings 25:2, 7; 1 Chr. 3:15; 2 Chr. 36:10-11; Jer. 1:3; Jer. 21:1-7; Jer. 24:8; Jer. 27:3, 12; Jer. 28:1; Jer. 29:3; Jer. 32:1-5; Jer. 34:2-21; Jer. 37 — Jer. 39; Jer. 44:30; Jer. 49:34; Jer. 51:59; Jer. 52:1-11.

2. Son of Chenaanah: he was a false prophet, and an adviser of Ahab. He arrogantly smote Micaiah in the face and asked, "Which way went the Spirit of Jehovah from me to speak unto thee?" Micaiah told him his question would be answered when he went into an inner chamber to hide himself. 1 Kings 22:11, 24; 2 Chr. 18:10, 23.

3. Son of Jeconiah, or Jehoiachin, king of Judah. 1 Chr. 3:16.

4. Son of Maaseiah: he was a false prophet in Babylon among the captives: with Ahab he was burnt to death. Jer. 29:21-22.

5. Son of Hananiah and a prince of Judah. Jer. 36:12.


Prince of Midian, slain by Gideon. Judges 7:25; Judges 8:3; Ps. 83:11.

Zelah. [Ze'lah]

City in Benjamin, where Saul and his sons were buried. Joshua 18:28; 2 Sam. 21:14. Not identified.

Zelek. [Zel'ek]

An Ammonite, one of David's mighty men. 2 Sam. 23:37; 1 Chr. 11:39.

Zelophehad. [Zeloph'ehad]

Son of Hepher, of the tribe of Manasseh. He had died without leaving any sons, but had five daughters, who claimed an inheritance in the tribe. A law was made allowing this, but they were not to marry out of their own tribe. Num. 26:33; Num. 27:1-7; Num. 36:2-11; Joshua 17:3; 1 Chr. 7:15.

Zelotes. [Zelo'tes]

See SIMON No. 2.

Zelzah. [Zel'zah]

City in Benjamin. 1 Sam. 10:2. Not identified.

Zemaraim. [Zemara'im]

City in Benjamin. Joshua 18:22: Identified with ruins at es Sumrah, 31 55' N, 35 29' E.

Zemaraim, [Zemara'im] Mount.

This was situate on some part of the highlands of Ephraim. 2 Chr. 13:4. Not identified.

Zemarite. [Zem'arite]

A tribe descended from Ham, and described as one of 'the families of the Canaanites,' or descendants of Canaan. Gen. 10:18; 1 Chr. 1:16. The Jerusalem Targum and the Arabic Version place them at Emesa, the modern Hums, 34 44' N, 36 42' E.

Zemira. [Zem'ira]

Son of Becher, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 7:8.

Zenan. [Ze'nan]


Zenas. [Ze'nas]

A believer and a 'lawyer' (probably one skilled in the law of Moses), whom Titus was to help on his journey. Titus 3:13.

Zephaniah. [Zephani'ah]

1.  Son of Maaseiah and 'second' priest in the reign of Zedekiah; he was carried captive to Nebuchadnezzar and slain at Riblah. 2 Kings 25:18; Jer. 21:1; Jer. 29:25, 29; Jer. 37:3; Jer. 52:24.

2. Son of Tahath, a Kohathite. 1 Chr. 6:36-37.

3. Son of Cushi, and one of the 'minor prophets.' Zeph. 1:1.

4. Father of Josiah and of Hen. Zech. 6:10, 14.

Zephaniah, Prophecy of.

The only personal detail given of this prophet is his ancestry for four generations: he was the son of Cushi, a descendant of Hizkiah. The date to the prophecy is 'the days of Josiah' king of Judah, who reigned B.C. 641-610. The prophecy gives the judgement of God with respect to the testimony that was being borne when there was an outward reformation under a pious king who trembled at God's law. The Spirit of God could read the hearts of the people, and could see what moral corruption was associated with the outward worship of God: cf. Jer. 3:6-10. The prophet proclaims the judgements that must fall upon the land, and upon Judah and Jerusalem, though with grace to the faithful remnant at the end. Within four years of the close of Josiah's reign Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, the holy vessels carried away, and the captivity of Judah commenced.

Zeph. 1.  The prophecy opens with "I will utterly consume all things from off the land, saith Jehovah." God could see the followers of Baal still there, and the Chemarim (idolatrous priests, mentioned in 2 Kings 23:5 and Hosea 10:5, margin), and those who worshipped the host of heaven; and those that sware by Jehovah and by Malcham, or 'their king,' that is, Baal: cf. Jer. 49:1, margin. Judgement would surely overtake them, and their gold and silver should not deliver them in the great day of God's wrath upon the whole land of Judah and Jerusalem. Maktesh in Zeph. 1:11 is literally 'of a mortar' or 'hollow place' as in a rock (cf. Judges 15:19; Prov. 27:22, where the same Hebrew word occurs), probably signifying Jerusalem, where, as in a mortar, they would be pounded by their enemies.

Zeph. 2.  The people are addressed as a nation 'without shame' (instead of 'not desired'): they are called to seek Jehovah, if haply a remnant might be hidden in the day of His wrath. Then the various nations are denounced that had been hostile to the land and to God's people. God had from time to time used some of them as the means whereby He punished His chosen people; but they had been filled with pride and had abused their power, therefore His judgements should surely fall upon them: the prophecy however looks on to the future great day of God's wrath.

Zeph. 3.  Here Jerusalem, the filthy and polluted city, is treated of. The princes, judges, prophets, and priests were all corrupt. The nations of those mentioned in the previous chapter would be completely cut off; and then Jehovah says, Surely Judah will listen to Me! In the future, Jehovah, after punishing the nations, will turn to His people, and a remnant will be brought into blessing. Israel will then be called upon to sing. The King of Israel, even Jehovah, will be in her midst, and she shall have a name and a praise among all the people of the earth. Christ is not, as in other prophecies, introduced here as the Messiah, but as Jehovah. The 'times of the Gentiles' and their four great kingdoms are passed over.

Zephath. [Zephath']


Zephathah. [Zepha'thah]

The valley in which the battle with Zerah was fought. 2 Chr. 14:10. Identified with Wady Safieh, 31 37' N, 34 55' E.

Zephi, [Zephi'] Zepho. [Zepho']

Son of Eliphaz, a son of Esau, and a duke of Edom. Gen. 36:11, 15; 1 Chr. 1:36.

Zephon, [Zephon'] Zephonites. [Zepho'nites]

Son of Gad and his descendants. Num. 26:15. Called ZIPHION in Gen. 46:16.


Fortified city in Naphtali. Joshua 19:35. Not identified.

Zerah. [Ze'rah]

1. Son of Reuel, a son of Esau, and one of the dukes of Edom. Gen. 36:13, 17; 1 Chr. 1:37.

2 . Father of Jobab one of the early kings of Edom. Gen. 36:33; 1 Chr. 1:44. Perhaps the same family as No. 1.

3. Son of Judah. See ZARA.

4. Son of Simeon. Num. 26:13; 1 Chr. 4:24. Called ZOHAR in Gen. 46:10; Ex. 6:15.

5. Son of Iddo, or Adaiah, a Gershonite. 1 Chr. 6:21, 41.

6. King of Ethiopia, or a general in the Egyptian army, who came against Asa with a million troops and three hundred chariots. His army was smitten by Jehovah, and Asa took much spoil. 2 Chr. 14:9-15.  See EGYPT.

Zerahiah. [Zerahi'ah]

1.  Son of Uzzi, a priest. 1 Chr. 6:6, 51; Ezra 7:4.

2. Ancestor of some who returned from exile. Ezra 8:4.

Zered. [Zer'ed]


Zereda. [Zere'da]

Native place of Jeroboam I. 1 Kings 11:26.

Zeredathah. [Zereda'thah]

Place in the Jordan valley, near to which the foundries of Solomon were established. 2 Chr. 4:17. See ZARETAN.

Zererath. [Zere'rath]

Place in or toward which the Midianites fled before Gideon. Judges 7:22. Not identified.

Zeresh. [Zer'esh]

Wife of Haman the Agagite. Esther 5:10, 14; Esther 6:13.

Zereth. [Zer'eth]

Son of Ashur, a descendant of Judah. 1 Chr. 4:7.

Zeri. [Ze'ri]


Zeror. [Zer'or]

Son of Bechorath, an ancestor of Saul. 1 Sam. 9:1.

Zeruah. [Zeru'ah]

Mother of Jeroboam who became the first king of Israel. 1 Kings 11:26.

Zerubbabel. [Zerub'babel]

Probably son of Pedaiah, and nephew and heir of Salathiel, or Shealtiel, though called his son. Be was a 'prince of Judah,' and he apparently held some office in Persia as he is called SHESHBAZZAR. Ezra 1:8-11. He was head of the Jews who volunteered to return from exile, under the decree of Cyrus. To Zerubbabel was also committed the charge of 5,400 vessels of gold and silver that had been carried away from Jerusalem.

An altar was erected, and sacrifices offered; but the foundation of the temple was not laid till the second year. Then the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin came and wanted to assist in the building of the temple; but Zerubbabel and those with him declined their help. This act of faithfulness drew upon them the open opposition of their enemies, who also obtained authority from Persia to stop the work, though apparently they had ceased to build before this took place.

It was not resumed for about fifteen years, till Zerubbabel's faith was roused to renewed energy by the rebukes and appeals of the prophet Haggai, and by the glorious promises addressed to him by Zechariah.

Zerubbabel was aided by Jeshua the high priest, and at once began to build. When questioned by the Persian governors as to their authority for so doing they nobly replied, "We are the servants of the God of heaven and earth." Cyrus had made a decree that the temple should be built; but God's word to Zerubbabel was "not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith Jehovah of hosts."

Darius was now on the throne, and on the rulers writing to Persia, he ordered them to let the work alone, and directed that the expenses of the Jews should be paid out of the royal revenue. The house was finished in the sixth year of Darius, and dedicated with joy. Jehovah had said, "The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it." Zech. 4:6-10.

We do not read of Zerubbabel after this. In Zechariah 4 this son of David is taken as a type of Christ, the promised Son of David, who will be the cause in a yet future day of the temple being built with shoutings, of "Grace, grace unto it." The name Zerubbabel has been interpreted both 'dispersed in Babylon,' and 'blessed in Babylon.' 1 Chr. 3:19; Ezra 2:2 to Ezra 5:2; Neh. 7:7; Neh. 12:1, 47; Hag. 1:1, 14; Hag. 2:2-23. He is called ZOROBABEL in Matt. 1:12-13; Luke 3:27.

Zeruiah. [Zerui'ah]

Described with Abigail as 'sisters of the sons of Jesse.' They may have been half-sisters (Abigail was the daughter of Nahash, 2 Sam. 17:25). Zeruiah had three sons, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, the leaders of David's army; but it is not stated who was her husband. David declared, after the murder of Abner, that the sons of Zeruiah were too hard for him. 1 Sam. 26:6; 2 Sam. 2:13, 18; 2 Sam. 16:9-10; etc.

Zetham. [Ze'tham]

Son or grandson of Laadan, a Gershonite. 1 Chr. 23:8; 1 Chr. 26:22.

Zethan. [Ze'than]

Son of Bilhan, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 7:10.

Zethar. [Ze'thar]

One of the chamberlains at the Persian court. Esther 1:10.

Zia. [Zi'a]

Head of a family in Gad. 1 Chr. 5:13.

Ziba. [Zi'ba]

Originally a servant or slave of the house of Saul. When Mephibosheth was invited to the court of David, and the possessions of Saul were made over to him, Ziba was instructed with his fifteen sons and twenty servants, to manage the estates for Mephibosheth. This subordinate service may have been galling to Ziba's pride, and may account for his after conduct. On the insurrection of Absalom, Ziba went with provisions for David, and said that Mephibosheth, hoping to have the kingdom restored to him, had remained in Jerusalem. Whereupon David gave to Ziba all the inheritance of Mephibosheth. On David's return Mephibosheth declared that Ziba had deceived him and slandered him to the king, and the sacred historian says Mephibosheth had neglected his person and his clothes all the while that David had been from Jerusalem. Having given all that was Mephibosheth's to Ziba, David now divided the possessions between the two. Nothing more is recorded of Ziba. 2 Sam. 9:2-12; 2 Sam. 16:1-4; 2 Sam. 19:17, 29.

Zibeon. [Zib'eon]

1.  A Hivite, father of Anah and grandfather of Aholibamah, a wife of Esau. Gen. 36:2, 14.

2. Son of Seir and one of the dukes of the Horites. Gen. 36:20-29; 1 Chr. 1:38, 40. Some judge Nos. 1 and 2 to be the same person.

Zibia. [Zib'ia]

Son of Shaharaim, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 8:9.

Zibiah. [Zib'iah]

Wife of Ahaziah king of Judah. 2 Kings 12:1; 2 Chr. 24:1.

Zichri. [Zich'ri]

1.  Son of Izhar, a Kohathite. Ex. 6:21. (See ZITHRI).

2. Son of Shimhi, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 8:19.

3. Son of Shashak, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 8:23.

4. Son of Jeroham, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 8:27.

5. Son of Asaph, a Levite. 1 Chr. 9:15. See ZABDI.

6. Son of Joram, a Levite. 1 Chr. 26:25.

7. Father of Eliezer, a ruler of the Reubenites. 1 Chr. 27:16.

8. Father of Amasiah, a captain of Jehoshaphat. 2 Chr. 17:16.

9. Father of Elishaphat, one of the captains of hundreds. 2 Chr. 23:1.

10. A mighty man of Ephraim who slew Maaseiah son of king Ahaz, and Azrikam, and Elkanah. 2 Chr. 28:7.

11. Father of Joel who returned from exile. Neh. 11:9.

12. Priest of the family of Abijah. Neh. 12:17.

Ziddim. [Zid'dim]

Fortified city in Naphtali. Joshua 19:35. Identified with Hattin, 32 48' N, 35 27' E.

Zidkijah. [Zidki'jah]

Priest who sealed the covenant. Neh. 10:1.

Zidon, [Zi'don] Sidon. [Si'don]

Eldest son of Canaan, son of Ham, and the city in Phoenicia founded by his descendants. Gen. 10:15, 19. In scripture Tyre is nearly always mentioned first, though it is probable that in early days Zidon had the supremacy, which led to the district of Phoenicia being called Sidon, and the people thereof Zidonians. In Joshua 11:8; Joshua 19:28, it is called 'great Zidon.' It fell to the lot of Asher, but they did not drive out the inhabitants, which led to the Israelites serving the gods of the place. Judges 1:31; Judges 10:6. Solomon also loved some of their women, and imitated their form of idolatry. 1 Kings 11:1, 33.

Zidon is denounced by the prophets for destruction. It is charged with being a 'pricking brier' to the house of Israel, and a 'grieving thorn' around them. Ezek. 28:21-24. Jehovah says of Zidon, in conjunction with Tyre, that they had taken His gold and silver and pleasant things, and carried them into their heathen temples, and had also sold the children of Judah unto the Grecians, to remove them far from their border. Joel 3:4-8. A warning message from Jeremiah was sent to the king of Zidon and neighbouring kings, exhorting them to submit to Nebuchadnezzar, who was Jehovah's servant. Jer. 27:3. We do not read that Nebuchadnezzar took Zidon, indeed his lengthy siege of Tyre probably enriched Zidon. The city is mentioned in Gen. 49:13; Isa. 23:2-12; Jer. 25:22; Jer. 47:4; Ezek. 27:8; Zech. 9:2, etc.

The Lord Jesus visited its coasts, and said that it should be more tolerable in the day of judgement for Tyre and Sidon than for the cities in which He had done his mighty works. Matt. 11:21-22; Matt. 15:21; Acts 12:28; Acts 27:3.

The destruction of Zidon was remarkable. They revolted from the Persians, but Tennes their king turned traitor and betrayed them. When the place was besieged, many of the citizens went out in submission, but were cruelly butchered. They had burnt their ships that none might escape, and seeing no effectual means of defence, in despair they shut themselves up in their houses, set them on fire, and perished in the flames. This was in B.C. 351. It gradually recovered from this destruction and became again a flourishing town. It is now called Saida, 33 34' N, 35 22' E there are many ruins.

In the Hebrew the name is Tzidon, as in the margin of Gen. 10:15. Sidon is the Greek form of the name.

Zidonians, [Zido'nians] Sidonians. [Sido'nians]

The inhabitants of Zidon and its neighbourhood. At times the term was applied to the Phoenicians generally. They were renowned for cutting timber and as being fishermen and seamen. Deut. 3:9; Joshua 13:4, 6; Judges 3:3; Judges 10:12; Judges 18:7; 1 Kings 5:6; 1 Kings 11:1, 5, 33; 1 Kings 16:31; 2 Kings 23:13; 1 Chr. 22:4; Ezek. 32:30. The Zidonians were idolators: Baal and Ashtoreth were their gods. This is mentioned on the sarcophagus of Ashmanezer, apparently one of their kings.



Ziha. [Zi'ha]

1.  Ancestor of some Nethinim who returned from exile. Ezra 2:43; Neh. 7:46.

2. Ruler of the Nethinim in Ophel (Jerusalem). Neh. 11:21.

Ziklag. [Zik'lag]

City in the south of Judah given to David by Achish, one of the Philistine kings. It was burned down by the Amalekites, and the inhabitants carried away during the absence of David; but the captives and the spoil were recovered. It afterwards returned to the tribe of Judah. A list is given of the warriors who resorted to David at Ziklag while Saul was yet alive, and therefore while David was in rejection by the nation. 1 Chr. 12:1-22. Amasai, chief of the captains, said "Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee." Cheering words to one thus placed! They were apparently a type of those who follow the Lord Jesus now while He is still rejected by the world at large. Joshua 15:31; Joshua 19:5; 1 Sam. 27:6; 1 Sam. 30:1-26; 2 Sam. 1:1; 2 Sam. 4:10 , 1 Chr. 4:30; Neh. 11:28. Identified by some with Asluj, 31 3' N, 34 48' E; but ruins at Zuheilikah, some 17 miles N.W. of Beersheba have been preferred by others.

Zillah. [Zil'lah]

One of the wives of Lamech, and mother of Tubal-cain and Naamah. Gen. 4:19-24.

Zilpah. [Zil'pah]

Handmaid of Leah, by whom Jacob became father of Gad and Asher. Gen. 29:24; Gen. 30:9-12; Gen. 35:26; Gen. 37:2; Gen. 46:18.

Zilthai. [Zilthai']

1.  Son of Shimhi, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 8:20.

2. A captain of Manasseh who resorted to David at Ziklag. 1 Chr. 12:20.

Zimmah. [Zim'mah]

1.  Son of Jahath, a Gershonite. 1 Chr. 6:20.

2. Son of Shimei, a Gershonite. 1 Chr. 6:42.

3. A Gershonite, father of Joah. 2 Chr. 29:12.

Zimran. [Zim'ran]

Son of Abraham and Keturah. Gen. 25:2; 1 Chr. 1:32. His descendants have not been traced.

Zimri. [Zim'ri]

1.  Son of Salu, a Simeonite: with a Midianitish woman he was slain by Phinehas. Num. 25:14.

2. A captain of Elah king of Israel: he conspired and slew the king and all his family, and usurped the throne. He was speedily attacked by Omri, but Zimri retreated into the late king's palace, set it on fire, and perished in the flames. 1 Kings 16:9-20; 2 Kings 9:31.

3. Son of Zerah, a son of Judah. 1 Chr. 2:6.

4. Son of Jehoadah, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 8:36; 1 Chr. 9:42.

5. An unknown place or tribe mentioned among the nations to be destroyed. Jer. 25:25.

Zin, Wilderness of.

A district far south of Judah, lying between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Akaba, in which Kadesh was situated, and in which a great part of the wanderings of the Israelites occurred. Num. 13:21; Num. 20:1; Num. 27:14; Num. 33:36; Num. 34:3-4; Deut. 32:51; Joshua 15:1, 3. It must not be confounded with the Wilderness of Sin (which lies along the south-east coast of the Red Sea).

Zina. [Zi'na]

Son of Shimei, a Gershonite. 1 Chr. 23:10. Called ZIZAH in 1 Chr. 23:11.

Zion, Sion, Mount Zion.

This was in reality a part of Jerusalem, being one of the mountains on which Jerusalem was built. Zion is often called 'the city of David,' it was where he dwelt. 2 Sam. 5:7; 1 Chr. 11:5; Micah 3:10, 12. Which part of Jerusalem was thus designated is now a disputed point: some few contend for the north-west; but most believe it to have been on the south-west, and to have extended farther south than the present wall of the city. It would in this case have been in proximity to the temple on the south-east, which could have been reached by a bridge over the Tyropoeon valley. 2 Chr. 5:2. In Ps. 48:2, occur the words "the joy of the whole earth is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King." This has been thought to mean that mount Zion was in the north of the city; but may it not signify that on the north side of Zion is the city of the great King, that is, Jerusalem? The psalm is clearly millennial. Zion, having failed as a part of Jerusalem, was to be ploughed as a field. Micah 3:12.

The term Zion has constantly in scripture a metaphorical sense. It represents the intervention of sovereign grace in the person of God's elect king, when Israel were utterly helpless, and the ark had been given into the hands of the enemy. The ark was brought by David to the city of David, and this may have led to Zion being regarded as the centre of blessing, and as a source from whence blessing proceeded, as it often is in the Psalms. Ps. 87:2; Ps. 149:2; etc. The favoured people of God are often spoken of as DAUGHTERS OF ZION, Israel are constantly thus addressed in the Prophets, whether to be blamed for their waywardness and punished; or to be cheered with the prospect of future prosperity. And in these prophecies of their coming exaltation, Zion is referred to as the seat of the Messiah's royal power on earth, as in Isa. 52:1-8; Isa. 60:14; Heb. 12:22. In scripture Zion never means the church: it always signifies blessing on earth, and is specially in connection with Israel, when the ultimate blessing of the nations will be through Israel; nevertheless Christians now enter into its spiritual import as being under the reign of grace while here on earth.

Zior. [Zi'or]

City in Judah. Joshua 15:54. Identified by some with Siair, 31 35' N, 35 8' E.


1.  City in the south of Judah. Joshua 15:24. Not identified.

2. City in the highlands of Judah: with its 'wilderness' it was connected with some of the stirring events in the life of David. Joshua 15:55; 1 Sam. 23:14-15, 24; 1 Sam. 26:2; 2 Chr. 11:8. Identified with the ruins of Tel ez Zif, 31 29' N, 35 7' E.

3. Son of Mesha, a son of Caleb. 1 Chr. 2:42.

4. Son of Jehaleleel, of the tribe of Judah. 1 Chr. 4:16.

Ziphah. [Ziph'ah]

Son of Jehaleleel, of the tribe of Judah. 1 Chr. 4:16.

Ziphims, [Zi'phims] Ziphites. [Zi'phites]

The inhabitants of Ziph, No. 2. 1 Sam. 23:19; 1 Sam. 26:1; Ps. 54: title.

Ziphion. [Ziph'ion]


Ziphron. [Ziph'ron]

Place on the northern boundary of Palestine. Num. 34:9. Not identified.

Zippor. [Zip'por]

Father of Balak king of Moab. Num. 22:2-16; etc.

Zipporah. [Zip'porah]

Daughter of Reuel, or Jethro, and wife of Moses. Apparently she circumcised her second son, and declared that Moses was 'a husband of blood' to her. She had been sent back during the tribulation and deliverance of Israel, and then was brought by Jethro with her two sons to Moses. Jethro is a type of the Gentile rejoicing in the deliverance of Israel, and bringing back the loved remnant thereof in the last days. Ex. 2:21; Ex. 4:25; Ex. 18:2.

Zithri. [Zith'ri]

Son of Uzziel, a son of Kohath. Ex. 6:22. The name is really SITHRI.  In Ex. 6:21 the name Zithri should be ZICHRI, as in the A.V. of 1611.


Cliff or pass in Judah by which the hordes of Moabites, etc. made their way up from the shores of the Dead Sea to the Wilderness of Jeruel. 2 Chr. 20:16. Identified with the Wady Husasah, 31 28' N, 35 23' E.

Ziza. [Zi'za]

1. Son of Shiphi, a Simeonite. 1 Chr. 4:37.

2. Son of Rehoboam king of Judah. 2 Chr. 11:20.

Zizah. [Zi'zah]

Son of Shimei, a Gershonite. 1 Chr. 23:11. Called ZINA in 1 Chr. 23:10.

Zoan. [Zo'an]

City in Lower Egypt, built seven years after Hebron. It was the capital of the Hyksos or shepherd kings of Egypt. It was here that Moses and Aaron met with Pharaoh and here the 'plagues' were wrought; for it was in the 'field of Zoan' that God did marvellous things. The place was denounced by God, and He said its princes had become fools. Num. 13:22; Ps. 78:12, 43; Isa. 19:11, 13; Isa.30:4; Ezek. 30:14. Identified with the site of the ancient city TANIS, built over the ruins of Zoan, and now called San, about 31 2' N, 31 54' E.

Zoar. [Zo'ar]

One of the five cities of the plain in the land of Canaan, and which alone survived when they fell under the judgement of God. It was formerly called BELA. Lot fled to it when Sodom was destroyed, but feared to remain there. Gen. 13:10; Gen. 14:2, 8; Gen. 19:22-30; Deut. 34:3; Isa. 15:5; Jer. 48:34. Identified by some with ruins at Tell esh Shaghur, 31 50' N, 35 40' E.

Zoba, [Zo'ba] Zobah. [Zo'bah]

District in the north of Syria lying between Hamath and Damascus. Saul fought against its kings, and David subdued them; but they were still troublesome in Solomon's time. 1 Sam. 14:47; 2 Sam. 8:3-12; 2 Sam. 10:6, 8; 2 Sam. 23:36; 1 Kings 11:23; 1 Chr. 18:3-9; 1 Chr. 19:6; 2 Chr. 8:3; Ps. 60: title.

Zobebah. [Zobe'bah]

Son of Coz, of the tribe of Judah. 1 Chr. 4:8.

Zohar. [Zo'har]

1.  Father of Ephron the Hittite. Gen. 23:8; Gen. 25:9.

2. Son of Simeon. Gen. 46:10; Ex. 6:15. Called ZERAH in Num. 26:13; 1 Chr. 4:24.

Zoheleth. [Zohe'leth]

'The Stone' by En-rogel, near Jerusalem, where Adonijah made a feast when he sought to be king. 1 Kings 1:9. It has been identified with a projecting rock, called Zahweileh.

Zoheth. [Zo'heth]

Son of Ishi, a descendant of Judah. 1 Chr. 4:20.

Zophah. [Zo'phah]

Son of Helem, a descendant of Asher. 1 Chr. 7:35-36.

Zophai. [Zo'phai]


Zophar. [Zo'phar]

A Naamathite, one of Job's three friends. Job 2:11; Job 11:1; Job 20:1; Job 42:9.  See JOB.

Zophim. [Zo'phim]

A 'field' near the top of Pisgah to which Balak brought Balaam to curse Israel. Num. 23:14. It is supposed to be at the top of the modern Talat es Safa, 31 46' N, 35 44' E.

Zorah, [Zo'rah] Zareah, [Za'reah] Zoreah. [Zo'reah]

City in the west of Judah, but reckoned to Dan, on the Philistine frontier: it was the birth-place of Samson, and he was buried in its neighbourhood. Joshua 15:33; Joshua 19:41; Judges 13:2, 25; Judges 16:31; Judges 18:2, 8, 11; 2 Chr. 11:10; Neh. 11:29. Identified with Surah, 31 47' N, 34 59' E.

Zorathites. [Zo'rathites]

Family descended from Shobal, son of Judah: probably so called because of inhabiting Zorah. 1 Chr. 4:2. Called ZAREATHITES in 1 Chr. 2:53.

Zoreah. [Zo'reah]


Zorites. [Zo'rites]

Family descended from Salma, a descendant of Judah. 1 Chr. 2:54. The derivation of the name is unknown.

Zorobabel. [Zorob'abel]


Zuar. [Zu'ar]

Father of Nethaneel a chief of Issachar. Num. 1:8; Num. 2:5; Num. 7:18, 23; Num. 10:15.


1.  An Ephrathite (and Kohathite). Ancestor of Samuel the prophet. 1 Sam. 1:1; 1 Chr. 6:35. Called ZOPHAI in 1 Chr. 6:26.

2. Land adjoining the portion of Benjamin. 1 Sam. 9:5. Not identified.


1. Father of Cozbi and a prince of Midian, slain with four other princes by Moses. Num. 25:15; Num. 31:8; Joshua 13:21.

2. Son of Jehiel, a Benjamite. 1 Chr. 8:30; 1 Chr. 9:36.

Zuriel. [Zu'riel]

Son of Abihail, a Merarite. Num. 3:35.

Zurishaddai. [Zurishad'dai]

Father of Shelumiel, a chief of Simeon. Num. 1:6; Num. 2:12; Num. 7:36, 41; Num. 10:19.

Zuzims, [Zu'zims] Zamzummims. [Zamzum'mims]

A giant race who inhabited the district afterwards held by the Ammonites: they were smitten early by Chedorlaomer. The meaning of the term is doubtful: Gesenius says the first name is perhaps from the fertility of their country, and the second signifies 'noisy nations.'  F├╝rst judges the first to signify 'prominent ones, giants,' and the second 'powerful, vigorous.' Gen. 14:5; Deut. 2:20.