Saul lost the kingdom of Israel through independence - through want of waiting upon God. He saw his people scattered from him, and his enemies pressing hard upon him; and these proofs of his weakness were too much for his heart unsustained by trust in God. He could not in such a trial wait for God. David gained the kingdom by taking the place of independence, and by taking as his motto: "My soul, wait thou only upon God." - "My help cometh from the Lord who made heaven and earth."